Updated April 20, 2020
Actions taken so far:
At the state level, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer has issued a number of executive orders and directives in response to the COVID-19 crisis. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) and the Michigan Department of Education have received or are awaiting approval of all federal waivers available to maximize the reach of key food programs, including SNAP, WIC and other child nutrition programs. These waivers increase benefits for some SNAP families and provide flexibility to minimize service disruption amid school closures, social distancing protocols and product shortages.
Notably, Michigan was the first state in the nation to be approved for a pandemic electronic benefit transfer (P-EBT) program, which will provide food assistance benefits to families of children age 5-18 who are eligible for free or reduced-price school lunch (FRL). Each eligible family will receive $193.80 per child to offset the cost of replacing school meals in March and April and $182.40 per child for May and June. For FRL- eligible families already enrolled in SNAP, MDHHS will add the additional benefits to their Bridge cards automatically. For FRL-eligible families not enrolled in SNAP, the Department will mail EBT cards loaded with the benefits. Additionally, MDHHS is working with the state’s EBT vendor and retailers to enable online grocery orders and curbside pickup for SNAP users . MDHHS has also partnered with the Food Bank Council of Michigan to deliver food boxes to older adults.
At the federal level, a court has blocked a rule, set to take effect on April 1, that would have made it more difficult during an economic downturn for states to waive work requirements for able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDS) who receive benefits through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Additionally, federal coronavirus relief legislation suspends the work requirements and three-month time limit on benefits for ABAWDs during the health crisis. The federal government has instituted several nationwide waivers that will allow states more flexibility in administering federally funded nutrition programs, streamline the application process and ensure current enrollees don’t lose benefits. Also, federal coronavirus relief legislation allocates the following:
- A combined $24.6 billion to cover new enrollments in SNAP, the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR), and child nutrition programs such as the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC).
- $200 million to the Emergency Food and Shelter Program administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
- $450 million to The Emergency Food Assistance Program, which provides a significant portion of the food distributed through the charitable feeding network.
Supplement federal SNAP benefits for the lowest-income households. For SNAP households currently receiving less than the maximum allowable benefit, a waiver from the federal government allows Michigan to issue emergency allotments to increase their benefits to the maximum. Households already receiving the maximum—i.e., the households with the lowest incomes—will not see a benefit increase. The state could provide additional food support for these families.
Boost funding for mobile food banks, home meal delivery and medically tailored meals. These services are critical for disabled people, older adults, and people lacking access to private and public transportation. These people may have specific dietary needs that go unmet when the options left on supermarket shelves in a crisis are limited. Increased state support for these services would ensure continued food access to these people as well as other food pantry clients who must now try to keep trips away from home to a minimum.
Provide funding to increase corner store capacity to stock fresh produce and other healthy food. State legislation to create a grant program for this purpose stalled several years ago. It deserves another look as social distancing practices and economic hardship further constrain transportation options for Michiganders living in communities and neighborhoods not served by full-service grocery stores.
Remove the drug felony ban for SNAP for individuals with more than one drug felony. Returning citizens face numerous barriers to their basic needs, including employment, housing and food security. Food assistance provided through SNAP is proven to reduce recidivism. The state’s policy currently bans individuals with more than one drug felony conviction from receiving SNAP benefits. This prevents thousands of Michiganders from receiving supplementary income that can keep their children and families healthy during this crisis and improve the likelihood of successfully remaining in their communities afterward.
Restore funding for the 10 Cents a Meal program, which provides incentives for schools to purchase healthy food grown in Michigan. The program began in the 2016 school year as a pilot program available in 22 Michigan counties. Every year since then, the Legislature has increased funding to enable expansion of the program to school districts in additional counties. For the 2020 budget year, the Legislature allocated $2 million and expanded eligibility to school districts statewide as well as childcare centers, but the Governor vetoed this funding. An attempt to restore the money was delayed as the state dealt with school closures due to COVID-19. This crisis has put a spotlight on the importance of school meals for the state’s children, particularly those experiencing food insecurity. As school districts adapt to continue serving kids trying to learn under extremely challenging circumstances, maximizing the nutritional value of school meals is more important than ever. The 10 Cents money could be used during the summer as well as the school year. Additionally, the program will provide a boost to Michigan agriculture just when our economy needs it most and leave the state less vulnerable to disruptions in the national food supply chain.
Why Michigan must act now:
- The link between food security and health is well established. Ensuring sufficient food and proper nutrition is of the utmost importance during a public health emergency.
- Even under normal circumstances, 1 in 7 Michiganders doesn’t have enough to eat; among children, that number is 1 in 6. Hunger disproportionately affects people of color, disabled people, older adults, rural residents and families with children. Food-insecure families cannot afford to stock up to weather a crisis or minimize shopping trips to comply with social distancing guidance.
- Due to the public charge rule and other xenophobic measures, many enhancements to SNAP and other federal nutrition programs will not help immigrant families who have been scared away from using benefits for which they are eligible.
- An estimated 1.8 million people in Michigan, including more than 300,000 children, live in communities with few affordable healthy food options, and must depend on smaller convenience stores where the offerings typically have low nutritional value.
- The COVID-19 crisis has exacerbated hunger for people living on low incomes, in food deserts, and with disabilities as panicked shoppers have hoarded pantry staples and increased demand for grocery delivery has led to long wait times.
- Although many nutrition programs and charitable food providers have admirably adapted to continue serving the public, there may still be clients whom they cannot reach under current constraints.
- In addition to ensuring food affordability and access on the demand side, state policy should also address the supply side by strengthening food systems.